Ultrasonido de alta resolución en enfermedades benignas de la piel

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Artículo de revisión
Rev Asoc Colomb Dermatol. 2018; 26 : 4 (octubre - diciembre), 230-239

Ultrasonido de alta resolución en enfermedades benignas de la piel

High resolution ultrasound of benigns diseases of the skin
Autor(es): 
Claudia Patricia González
claud.gonzalezdiaz@gmail.com
Médica radióloga, especialista en Ecografía Dermatológica y Músculo-esquelética, IDIME, Bogotá, D.C., Colombia
Resumen: 

La Dermatología es una rama de la Medicina en la que se ha sentido ampliamente el impacto del desarrollo tecnológico del ultrasonido de alta resolución. En la actualidad, son múltiples sus indicaciones tanto en enfermedades benignas como malignas, y siguen creciendo día a día en beneficio de los pacientes.
El ultrasonido no pretende reemplazar la juiciosa interpretación clínica del dermatólogo ni otras herramientas disponibles, como la dermatoscopia. Por el contrario, es una herramienta adicional que brinda información útil, invisible al ojo clínico, y que confirma, descarta o apoya el diagnóstico del médico tratante. El ultrasonido de alta resolución es preciso, accesible y de bajo costo, en comparación con otros métodos diagnósticos.
En este artículo se revisan sus indicaciones, hallazgos y ventajas en algunas de las enfermedades dermatológicas benignas más frecuentes.

Palabras clave: 
ultrasonido de alta resolución, Pilomatrixoma, dermoide, Hidradenitis supurativa, paniculitis, quiste

Summary: 

One area that has felt the impact of the technological development of highresolution ultrasound is Dermatology. Currently, there are multiple indications in both benign and malignant pathology and their indications continue to grow day by day for the benefit of patients.
Ultrasound is not intended to replace the dermatologist's judicious clinical interpretation, nor the use of other available tools such as dermatoscopy. On the contrary, it is another tool that provides useful information, invisible to the clinical eye and that confirms, discards or supports the diagnosis of the treating physician. High-resolution ultrasound is accurate, accessible, and inexpensive compared to other diagnostic methods.
This article reviews its use, findings and advantages in some of the most common benign dermatological pathologies.

Key words: 
High-resolution ultrasound, pilomatrixoma, dermoid, suppurative hidradenitis, panniculitis, cyst
PDF del articulo

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