Trasplante cardíaco y su relación con el cáncer de piel de tipo melanoma y no melanoma

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Artículo de revisión
Rev Asoc Colomb Dermatol. 2014; 22: 4 (Octubre-Diciembre), 293-300

Trasplante cardíaco y su relación con el cáncer de piel de tipo melanoma y no melanoma

Heart transplantation and its relationship to the type melanoma skin cancer and melanoma
Autor(es): 
Claudia Marcela Gaviria
claugavi02@hotmail.com
Médica; residente de Dermatología, Universidad CES, Medellín, Colombia
Ana Paula Giraldo
Médica; residente de Dermatología, Universidad CES, Medellín, Colombia
Sol Beatriz Jiménez
Médica dermatóloga; jefe, Servicio de Dermatología, Universidad CES, Medellín, Colombia
Resumen: 

El trasplante cardíaco es una cirugía que cada vez se hace con mayor frecuencia en nuestro medio. En la Clínica Cardio VID de Medellín aumenta cada año el número de pacientes a quienes se les practica este procedimiento. Ellos son candidatos al desarrollo de tumores de piel por su estado de inmunosupresión crónica, el cual aumenta si existen condiciones previas. La mayoría son pacientes mayores de 50 años de edad que han vivido en el trópico con poca fotoprotección y está demostrado que el carcinoma escamocelular es más frecuente en ellos. La intervención dermatológica temprana es uno de los factores de mayor impacto que se ha documentado en múltiples estudios y, a pesar de ello y de tener en cuenta que es uno de los principales tipos de cáncer junto con el linfoma, existe poca atención a la piel de estos pacientes.

Palabras clave: 
cáncer de piel, trasplante de corazón, inmunosupresión.

Summary: 

Heart transplantation is a surgery that is becoming more frequent in our environment. At the Clínica Cardio VID of Medellín the number of patients undergoing this procedure increases every year, and they become candidates for the development of skin tumors given their state of chronic immune suppression, which increases if there are preconditions. Most patients are older than 50 years of age who have lived in the tropics with little photoprotection and evidence that squamous cell carcinoma is more common in these patients. The early dermatological intervention is one of the factors with the greatest impact has been documented in multiple studies and despite this and consider it one of the main types of cancer along with lymphoma, is very little intervention in this area.

Key words: 
skin cancer, heart transplantation, immunosuppression.
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PATROCINADORES PRINCIPALES

  • MEDIHEALTH
  • SESDERMA
  • MD FARMACIA MAGISTRAL
  • EPIDERMIQUE
  • ISDIN
  • GALDERMA